Los Angeles Wrongful Termination Attorney
Being fired from your job can be a stressful and life-changing experience. In many cases, you may have no clue as to why you were fired. In other cases you may think that your employer’s reason for firing you is false. What many people do not know is that by terminating your employment, your employer may have violated the law and you may be entitled to compensation.
Can I Still Sue My Boss If I Was An “At-Will” Employee?
YES! In California, the relationship of employer and employee is generally “at will.” This means that, without an employment contract, the employer or the employee can terminate the employment relationship at any time, with or without cause. However, an employer CANNOT fire you for any reason that violates state or federal law.
How Do I Know If I Was Fired Illegally or Wrongfully Terminated?
State and Federal law provides protections for employees who were fired illegally. If you feel that by terminating your employment, your boss was discriminating or retaliating against you for something you did, then you may be able to receive compensation. Likewise, if your boss fired you for reporting a violation of the law or refusing to violate the law, you should contact an. The sad truth is that a large number of employees are fired on a daily basis for reasons that are illegal, but many of those employees have absolutely no idea they have a lawsuit on their hands. Remember, even at-will employees can be terminated for an unlawful reason.
If you feel that you were wrongfully fired from your job, you may be entitled to compensation. Miracle Mile Law Group is here to ensure that you get the maximum amount of damages for your wrongful termination lawsuit. We are here to guide you through any questions you may have and to guide you through the legal process.
What Laws Protect Me From Being Fired Illegally?
Wrongful termination claims generally fall under 4 categories of protections. If you feel that your termination violates any of the following 4 protections, then you may have a lawsuit for wrongful termination:
- Anti-Discrimination Laws
- Anti-Retaliation Laws
- Protected Activities
- Violations of Public Policy
#1. Anti-Discrimination Laws:
Both state and federal statutes prohibit termination on the basis of certain characteristics. This means that you CANNOT be fired based on your:
- Age, for people 40 and older,
- Gender identity, gender expression and transgender status;
- Marital status;
- Medical conditions (including genetic characteristics and genetic information);
- National origin and ancestry (including driver’s licenses for undocumented workers);
- Physical or mental disability;
- Pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding and related medical conditions;
- Race and color;
- Sex (including sexual harassment);
- Sexual orientation;
- Military and veteran status; and
- Union activity.
#2. Anti-Retaliation Laws:
Your employer cannot terminate you because you exercised a right granted by a state or federal statute. Typically, employee anti-retaliation claims occur when an employee refuses to violate the law. For example, disposing of hazardous waste improperly or accepting less than the minimum wage or mandatory overtime rate, or when an employee “blows the whistle” to a government agency on an employer believed to be violating the law. Whistleblower claims are continually on the rise.
- Affordable Care Act (ACA)
- American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009
- Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978
- California Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1973 (Cal-OSHA)
- Clean Air Act of 1977
- Consumer Credit Protection Act of 1968
- Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008
- Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988
- Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974
- Energy Reorganization Act of 1974
- Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA)
- Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938
- Fair Pay Act
- Federal Corporate and Criminal Fraud Accountability Act (Sarbanes-Oxley Act) of 2002, protection for whistleblowers.
- National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)
- Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSHA)
- Protection of Juror’s Employment Act
- Title VII, Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII)
- Protection for Wage Claimants
- Right of Employees to Disclose Information to a Government or Law Enforcement Agency
- Right of State Employees to “blow the whistle” on illegal activity
- And many more!
#3. Protected Activities
Your boss cannot fire you for participating in activities that are protected by the law. Examples of this include:
- Being subject to wage garnishment
- Disclosing or refusing to disclose wages
- Voluntarily participating in an alcohol or drug rehabilitation program
- Refusing to authorize the disclosure of medical information
- Jury duty
- Political Activity
- Military service
- Acting as volunteer firefighter, reserve police officer or emergency rescue personnel
- Refusing to patronize employer
- Refusing to commit an illegal act
- Taking time off to appear at a child’s school about a suspension
- Taking time off for a child’s school or child care activities
- Maintaining privacy of arrest records that do not lead to convictions
- Refusing to participate in abortions
- The results of a blood test for AIDS
- Serving as an election officer on Election Day
- Reporting apparent victims of abuse or neglect, as obligated by statute
- Disclosing information on a violation of law to a government or law enforcement agency
#4. Public Policy
Wrongful termination in violation of public policy means that an employee was terminated for an unlawful reason that violates explicit state or federal government public policy. Violations of public policy generally fall into 4 categories
- Termination for refusing to violate a statute
- Termination for performing a statutory obligation
- Termination for exercising a statutory right or privilege
- Termination for reporting an alleged violation of a statute of public importance
These claims often arise when an employee refuses a supervisor's sexual advances, reports the employer to health and safety officials or makes a wage claim to the state Labor Commissioner. Even if a lawsuit shows that the termination was unrelated to these actions, a wrongful termination in violation of public policy claim may still be successful!
- Termination for reporting to the employer that other employees engaged in bribery, kickbacks or tax evasion. Collier v. Superior Court.
- Termination for refusing to submit to drug testing, which violates the right to privacy created by the California Constitution. Senmore v. Pool.
- An employee who refused to perjure himself at a hearing despite his employer's insistence that he do so to protect the organization. Petermann v. International Brotherhood of Teamsters.
- An employee who was forced to resign after refusing to enter into a sexual relationship with her supervisor. Rojo v. Kliger.
- An employee who reported adulterated milk to health officials. Garibaldi v. Lucky Food Stores, Inc.
What If My Employer Is Trying To Force Me To Quit?
An employee who voluntarily resigns can still bring a claim for wrongful termination known as “constructive discharge.” Constructive discharge involve situations where, rather than terminating the employee, the employer makes working conditions so intolerable that the employee will resign. An employee can also bring a constructive discharge lawsuit against an employer that offers an employee the supposed choice of quitting or being fired.
Some Questions You Are Probably Asking Yourself About Your Dismissal Include:
- Can I sue for wrongful termination? How do I prove my wrongful termination case?
- Was my termination wrongful
- Was I unfairly dismissed at work?
- Should I Hire a Wrongful Termination Lawyer?
- How do you prove a wrongful termination case in a court of law?
- How can I prove that my firing was illegal and/or wrongful?
- Can I sue my employer for distress?
- Do I still have time to file a wrongful termination lawsuit?
Not All Attorneys Are Prepared To Take On Wrongful Termination Cases
Wrongful Termination cases are complex as it often comes down to circumstantial evidence in order to prove that the termination was indeed wrongful. That is why it is crucial to have an experienced attorney who is well versed in the area of employment law. Here at Miracle Mile Law Group, we are dedicated and well-versed in California employment law.
Some Questions We'll Ask You About Your Wrongful Termination Case Include:
- How long you have worked for the company?
- How was your work performance? Including positive/negative evaluations, promotions, bonuses, raises, etc.
- Was was your relationship with your supervisors, customers and fellow colleagues?
- What were your company policies addressing harassment, discrimination and termination?
These are the type of questions an experienced employment attorney will ask you. If an attorney fails to ask you these questions, he or she has probably overlooked key portions of your case.
What Type Of Industries Does Wrongful Termination Frequently Occur?
Wrongful Termination occurs in various different industries, jobs, and companies. However, some sectors of the economy are affected more often than others. Some common examples of certain industries that are heavily affected by wrongful termination include:
- Business Executive
- Leisure and Hospitality
- Finance Industry
- Education, such as schools, universities, and colleges
- Retail Trade
- Professional Services Industries